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Keyword Search Results for:
apple

5 Found

Question: 11-5201
The lightening split our apple right down the middle. Will I have any apples and should I cut it down now? Sharon, Hastings, NEB

Mort's Answer:
I would cut the lesser half off at the stem. Use tree wax over the cut. Also apply tree wax over the exposed split that is left. Can you save it? Maybe. Should you try? Yes. You will need to fertilize as instructed in the above question. You will need to prune more severely because a lot of energy will be needed to restore the tree to health. The apples will ripen but they may be a lot smaller unless you do the recommended treatment soon.

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Question: 176-5201
My wife started spraying our apple trees with a soluble fertilizer this year. We now have black spots on the fruit but not the leaves this year. We use a dormant oil spray every year. What can we do? Jim, Elizabeth City, NC

Mort's Answer:
Scab, fly speck or sooty blotch are best avoided with a program that includes dormant oil and Bordeaux Mix. As the bud swells in the spring, you can apply the first spray. A second spray is administered after petal fall with two more subsequent sprays. Follow directions on the label. Unfortunately, this program is too late for you this year. I would put out sticky, red maggot balls to discourage further egg laying by the flies. A soapy solution will help keep away most insects with the help of the red balls. I do not like to use soluble fertilizers on fruit and landscape material. The growth is too quick and requires constant follow up. Do not fertilize again for two years. Wash all the fruit and peel the fruit with black spots.

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Question: 177-5201
The lightening split our apple right down the middle. Will I have any apples and should I cut it down now? Sharon, Hastings, NEB

Mort's Answer:
I would cut the lesser half off at the stem. Use tree wax over the cut. Also apply tree wax over the exposed split that is left. Can you save it? Maybe. Should you try? Yes. You will need to fertilize as instructed in the above question. You will need to prune more severely because a lot of energy will be needed to restore the tree to health. The apples will ripen but they may be a lot smaller unless you do the recommended treatment soon.

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Question: 468-311
I have a ten year old apple tree that we topped off a few times. What is the best time to prune and the best way to do it? Karen.

Mort's Answer:
Lateral growth is the secret to good pruning of apple trees. Every other year you can prune heavy on your ten year old tree. All straight up and any cross branches should be removed down to the next branch. Try to keep the center of the tree open to the sun. This will reduce fungi and other diseases. Most orchards prune too heavily. You should have five main trunks with flower bearing branching off the scaffolding. Six inch spurs off the flower branches will increase yield. A ground cover of clover will attract bees and provide nitrogen for your tree.

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Question: 1183-2116
My apple trees seem like they have been girdled by some animal. We have two that have definitely been cut to the core. Any suggestions? Bill, Alpena, MI

Mort's Answer:
When the fibrovascular tubes just under the bark have completely cut off the trees are unable to feed the leaves. It can be saved with surgery if there is some tubes unscathed. You can make leaf shaped cuts that are contiguous and as deep as necessary to remove all brown wood. You can use a chisel to go deeper. I like a linoleum knife for the outside. Some of these cuts may be on different sides of the trunk and at different heights. You could also hire a tree surgeon to save the trees after catching the woodchuck.

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